Why do you have eczema ?
The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Eczema is also associated with a dysfunctional skin barrier, which allows moisture to escape and irritants to penetrate the skin, leading to inflammation and itching.
Some environmental factors that can trigger or exacerbate eczema symptoms include:
- Allergens: Substances such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and certain foods can trigger an allergic reaction and cause eczema flare-ups.
- Irritants: Exposure to chemicals, such as detergents, soaps, and cleaning products, can irritate the skin and lead to eczema.
- Climate: Changes in temperature, humidity, and weather conditions can trigger eczema symptoms.
- Stress: Emotional stress can cause eczema to flare up or worsen existing symptoms.
- Infections: Certain viral or bacterial infections can cause eczema to develop or worsen.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menstruation can trigger eczema symptoms.
It’s important to identify and avoid triggers that can cause eczema symptoms to worsen.
What can you do about it ?
Eczema is a chronic condition that cannot be cured, but it can be effectively managed with a combination of lifestyle changes and medical treatments.
Here are some treatment options that can help manage eczema symptoms:
- Moisturize: Regularly applying a moisturizer can help relieve itching, reduce dryness, and prevent eczema flare-ups. Look for fragrance-free and gentle moisturizers that contain ceramides, which can help repair the skin barrier.
- Topical medications: Topical medications, such as corticosteroids, calcineurin inhibitors, and PDE4 inhibitors, can help reduce inflammation and relieve itching. These medications are available in various strengths and are only prescribed by a dermatologist.
- Wet wrap therapy: Wet wrap therapy involves applying a wet layer of gauze or clothing over a layer of emollient cream or ointment to provide deep moisturization and relieve itching.
- Systemic medications: In severe cases, oral medications, such as immunosuppressants or biologics, may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms.
- Avoid triggers: Identify and avoid triggers that can cause eczema flare-ups, such as harsh soaps, detergents, certain fabrics, and stress.
It’s important to work with a dermatologist to develop a personalized treatment plan for eczema based on the severity of the symptoms and individual factors.
Why choose acne ?
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