What is Anxiety?Anxiety is a normal human emotion that is a response to stress, fear or perceived danger. However, when anxiety becomes excessive, uncontrollable and interferes with daily activities, it can be a sign of an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are mental health conditions characterized by excessive fear, worry, and nervousness that can impair daily functioning. Different types of anxiety are:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Persistent and excessive worry about everyday things.
- Panic Disorder: Sudden and unexpected panic attacks accompanied by physical symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, sweating, and trembling.
- Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Intense fear of social situations and being judged or scrutinized by others.
- Specific Phobias: Irrational fear and avoidance of specific objects or situations.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Persistent and unwanted thoughts (obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviors (compulsions).
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD): Anxiety and flashbacks triggered by a traumatic event.
- Separation Anxiety Disorder: Excessive fear or distress when separated from loved ones or home.
- Agoraphobia: Fear of being in situations where escape may be difficult or help may not be available.
What are the common signs and symptoms ?Anxiety disorders can manifest differently in different individuals, but some common signs and symptoms include:
- Excessive worry or fear about everyday situations or events
- Feeling on edge, restless, or irritable
- Muscle tension, headaches, or other physical symptoms
- Difficulty concentrating or focusing on tasks
- Sleep disturbances, such as trouble falling asleep or staying asleep
- Avoidance of situations or activities that may trigger anxiety
- Panic attacks, which may include symptoms such as a rapid heartbeat, sweating, trembling, and shortness of breath.
What are the common causes of Anxiety ?The causes of anxiety are complex and may be different for each person. Some common factors that may contribute to anxiety include:
- Genetics: Anxiety disorders can run in families, suggesting a genetic component.
- Brain chemistry: Certain neurotransmitters in the brain, such as serotonin and dopamine, may play a role in anxiety.
- Environmental factors: Traumatic events, such as abuse, neglect, or a major life change, can trigger anxiety symptoms.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders or heart disease, may increase the risk of developing anxiety.
- Substance abuse: The use of drugs or alcohol can worsen anxiety symptoms or trigger anxiety in some individuals.
What can you do about it ?Fortunately, there are several effective treatment options available for anxiety. These may include:
- Therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most commonly used therapy for treating anxiety. Other types of therapy include Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), Interpersonal therapy (IPT), and Psychodynamic therapy.
- Medications: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), benzodiazepines, and beta-blockers are medications commonly used to treat anxiety.
- Lifestyle changes: Regular exercise, healthy diet, stress management, and good sleep hygiene can help manage anxiety symptoms.
- Mindfulness techniques: Practices such as meditation, yoga, and deep breathing exercises may help a person to manage their anxiety and reduce the symptoms of phobia.
Why choose IKSANA ?
At Iksana, our Chief Psychiatrist, Dr. Arun Singh, conducts a comprehensive assessment to uncover the root cause of your concerns. Not only does he meticulously elucidate the intricacies of your treatment, but he also explores potential aggravating factors. Our holistic treatment approach takes into account various aspects, such as dietary adjustments and lifestyle modifications, ensuring that medication serves as a supportive element to address your needs effectively.
With invaluable experience gained from working at a premier mental healthcare center within the NHS (UK), coupled with a keen interest in researching cutting-edge treatments for mental health issues, Dr. Singh remains at the forefront of the field. At Iksana, we prioritize your overall well-being, recognizing you as a complete individual, from the core outward. Our goal transcends the mere alleviation of visible symptoms; we aspire to bring you closer to a better, more confident version of yourself.
Join us on a transformative journey of self-discovery and empowerment at Iksana, where Dr. Singh’s expertise merges with our unwavering commitment to your comprehensive care. Embrace the opportunity to unlock your full potential and experience a renewed sense of confidence and fulfillment.